Arhivă pentru O.B.S.S.

Other Data about di Demetrio Family from Triest

Posted in O.B.S.S. with tags on Octombrie 11, 2012 by remusmirceabirtz

For those who have read our previous post about the Institutions of di Demetrio family and our essay Old Things from the Past…. the connection between di Demetrio family and Triest is not new.

Dimitrij IX Vasilievich di Demetrio  was born in Triest and was active there during the most part of his life. His family, at least in the XIXth century had a strong, influent position there.

Vasilievich means his patronim, his father’s name : Vasilij or Basilio. Di Demetrio is the genitive form of Dimitrij or Demetrios; in Greek the genitive form would be Dimitriou. However, a noble family di Demetrio was well-known in Triest, belonging to the Greek community from that city, and being considered of noble origin.

The Demetrios were rich and benefactors, had some contacts with the Hellenic Resistance against the Ottomans, with Freemasonry , and are mentioned as a distinguished family in the Greek community. Here the article of Mme. Lucia Marcheselli Loukas is giving a short history of the Triestine Greek community, mentioning the  di Demetrios too: (Lucia Marcheselli Loukas I Greci Trieste).

With the noble family of barons Economo (Ekonomou) the di Demetrios were playing an important role in the  Trade and Industry Chamber from Triest, Giovanni Antonio di Demetrio being between 1905-1913 president of that corporation, assisted by Economo. They were trading cereals especially from Romania, Galatz, as records of the Trade Chamber are mentioning. See the work of Tabo, Grazia – Deputazioni di borsa poi Camera di Comercio e d’Industria di Trieste (1755-1921), Trieste, 2000, Archivio dello Stato, available even here: http://www.beniculturali.it/ASTS/Inventari/camcom.pdf, pp.20, 148, 207, 212, 217, 233, 240, 243, 244, 247, 250, 257, 344, 635, 658.  Not only Giovanni Antonio  di Demetrio was playing a role there, but also his brother , Basilio di Demetrio (the grandfather of Dimitrij X Dimitrievich), who, in 1905 was insisting that the Chamber has to acquire the  „Calepino Dictionary„, for seven languages, from the XVIIIth cent. (Tabo, Grazia -op.cit.,p. 244.)

His brother, Giovanni Antonio di Demetrio, in 1895 published something about financial laws : „Per istudio e riferta sul progetto di legge concernente le imposte personali dirette”, Trieste, 1895. About the Ekonomou (Economo) baronial family see Pietro Spirito Gli Economo di Trieste.

Being a wealthy and noble family, di Demetrios were able to finance a large mannoir for them in  1849 (see the cartographical file of Mme. Isabella Collavizza here (   Collavizza Isabella Palazzo di Demetrio Trieste)

Some pictures would be useful here:                            

This castle is situated on via Cesare Battisti 14, Triest, being now protected by the Superintendence of the historical buildings.   In the half of  the   XIXth c., the sister of Giovanni Antonio and of Basilio di Demetrio, Giuseppina, married with another nobleman of Greek origin: Anastasio Edler von Vardacca (see  Di Demetrio Lucinis Attems).

So di Demetrios were well inserted in the local Triestine establishment.

If Giovanni Antonio di Demetrio was trading with Romania since 1877, his son, Dr. Antonio di Demetrio was much more implicated in Romanian realities. Antonio di Demetrio was honorary Consul of the Romanian Kingdom between the World Wars (Corpo Consolare Trieste)     and after 1945 he had a crucial activity helping the Romanian refugees from the new communist paradise. The Romanians were escaping through Hungary (communist also) or through Yugoslavia ( the Titoist regime was communist too, but ‘unorthodox”) and much less through Bulgaria and Greece.

The Romanian Exile organized the CAROMAN (The Romanian Red Cross from Exile), patronised by H.M. the King, several National Councils from Exile, or former Royal Ministers who were able to escape before 1947 from Romania. The CAROMAN deputy for Triest was Antonio di Demetrio, who, together with his wife, took care personally about the Romanian refugees there.

In fact in  1949 he helped 581 refugees, in 1950: 105, in 1951: 101, in 1952: 234, in 1953: 198, in 1954: 100. He assisted them with money, food, vestments, papers and  documents,, juridical advises, news from and to Romania,  facilitating their emigration to other countries, he had to struggle against several diversions, and even a Romanian school was organized by him in Triest, in 1951!  He did several interventions at the A.M.G. (Allied Military Govt.) of Triest, and wrote a huge correspondence with the Romanian authorities in Exile. He was a true benefactor for those exiled Romanians, unfortunately fallen in oblivion today. And he even spoke Romanian!

Aurel Sergiu Marinescu (1922-2008) , a serious historian of the Romanian Exile, and a former political prisoner too, had warm terms to appreciate the help offered by Dr. Antonio di Demetrio ( Marinescu, Aurel Sergiu – „O contributie la istoria Exilului romanesc„, 10 vol., vol. VII, Bucharest, 2007, ed.Vremea, pp. 300, 386, 400-01, 410-11, 413-18, 422-23, 427-28, 440-448, 451-58, 472-80, 487-88, 491, is offering in the quoted pages a precise , documented, report about the activity of di  Demetrio). Antonio di Demetrio’s cousin, Demetrio IX Vasiljevich di Demetrio, had to do with the refugees in Italy, too.

Therefore, the Romanian Priory considers a duty of honour recording the memory of Dr. Antonio di Demetrio, benefactor of those Romanian who lost their country. And the heraldic allegiance to Habsburg Dynasty proves to be a very natural, normal, „canonical” one, once that the di Demetrios were Triestine, Austro-Hungarian nobles too.

Unfortunately we were not able yet to find other data about  di Demetrios from Triest, or about  the heirs of Antonio di Demetrio.

Sadly, the irregular life of Demetrio IX Vasilievich, and possible some troubles occured after the death of Dr. Antonio di Demetrio or his proximal parents, created deep problems to Dimitrij Maria di Demetrio, alias Dimitrij X Dimitrievich.

Anunțuri

Tu es Petrus

Posted in O.B.S.S. with tags on Octombrie 8, 2012 by remusmirceabirtz

Here is the link to a well known Catholic anthem, Tu es Petrus, sung by two interpreters, one being Dr. med. Marcel cav. Cuceu, OBSS, having a Licence in Medicine and a Licence in Theology from the Catholic University of Louvain. He entered in our Priory on 21.VIII.1998, being also a benefactor for us.

Some Data about The Romanian Priory of the OBSS

Posted in O.B.S.S. with tags on Octombrie 8, 2012 by remusmirceabirtz

For some time the Romanian Priory did not want to make itself publicity, nor to appear in public debates.

Even now, the Priory is keeping and will keep discretion. However, commemorating 90 years from the birth of Demetrio Maria di Demetrio, alias Dimitrij X Dimitrievich di Russia, and observing that those who claim his heritage did nothing to honour  at least his intellectual profile, it was our duty to act. This explains the genesis of this web-page.

The Priory constituted itself  in 1997; previously, HIH Dimitrij created two hereditary Knights (Mr. Mircea Remus Birtz, of Justice in 1993, and Mr. Radu Motoca,  of Magistral Grace, in 1994). Before  receving these titles, one  had to ask the heraldic „ placet” of the local ” Fontes Honorum„: i.e. Otto of Austria-Hungary, and King Michael I of Romania. More, one  had to ask, and received permission to act in Romania, from the same „Fontes Honorum. This is the regular way to proceed. Dimitrij knew and encouraged this; after other candidates were proposed, and placet received , Dimitrij expressed His intention to adopt one of these two knights, this creating disappointment in the postulant’s  family. Because they didn’t had the same citizenship, and the required tax was high, Dimitrij’s intention must be seen as a moral one.

However, even if He gave the permission to act in Romania, H.M. King Michael, when asked to receive the Patronage of Honour of the future Priory, He denied, H.M. being occupied with heavy political problems in those years.

After finishing studies in Rome, and even before, one of the Knights, returning home, was able to organize concretely the Priory.

The first  Prior was Dr. Mircea Remus cav. Birtz, OBSS, between 1997-2000, being after this charge  instituted as Secretary. He promulgated the Rules of the Priory on 15-16.IX.2000.

Mr. Radu cav. Motoca, OBSS is the Chancellor of the Priory.

Mr. Macarie cav. Hedesiu, OBSS, received in the OBSS on 9.VIII. 1998, former Secretary, became Prior on 28.XI.2000.

On 2.IV.2002, after analysing the situation occurred due to the death of HIH Dimitrij X Dimitrievich, two Great Masters were instituted: Florin cav. Mihaescu, OBSS (concerned about the doctrinal  matters  of the Priory) and Arpad Bereczky de Torboszlo (concerned about the heraldic matters). The Priory became independent.

The Prior has all the administrative powers, taking into account the dispositions of the Great Masters. If a place of high position remains vacant, it is not obvious that it will be occupied immediately after. A competent person must be found for this task.

The Priory makes distinction between heraldic and spiritual matters. Heraldic benefits receive all those who join the Priory, or are nominated motu proprio, the postulants being always proposed, never accepted on personal request.

The spiritual quality of a Knight is received after the religious blessing (l’ adoubement), which can be given by all the Knights, duly charged on, who received it previously. Those who received the spiritual blessing have to adopt a very strong traditional attitude. Their number is fixed on 30, not all the places being occupied. The actual members of the Priory don’t pass 35.

The Priory refuses to accept taxes, or to have lucrous activity, but each member has, if desires, to acquire his own insignia. Material contributions are reflected in publishing  personal works connected with the spiritual line of the Priory.

The Romanian Priory of the OBSS  is not selling titles!

Some works were published under the appointment of the Priory:

1. Caietele OBSS I

Please observe the necessary Errata:

-on p. 20 Conciliul Lateran, not Luteran

-on p.23 Principat, not Principal

-on p. 59 Regimul corporatist, not cooperatist, etc.

The text of ” The Old Things from the Past for the Future” was massacred by the publishing house, and we offer here a better version: Old Things from the Past for the Future

See also  Extrase Caiete OBSS 1

2. Caietele OBSS II   and Extrase Caiete OBSS 2

Here again an Errata is to add:

-on p. 21:  Ouverture 1812, not 1821!, etc.

3.  Caietele OBSS III   and Extrase Caietele OBSS III

Sure, an Errata is necessary:

p.11: at the end of the page, to add ” al imperativelor prin H.C.M. sau al sloganelor”

p.85: ” Traian Dorz 1989″, not „1980”

p.109:  ” 20 decembrie 1978″ , not ” 20 martie 1978″, etc.

Other documents of the Romanian priory are given here, some published in „Caietele…”, some not.  Not all the correspondence concerning the Priory is published, only some letters we consider to be suggestive:

Doc P R OBSS 1

Doc P R OBSS 2

Doc P R OBSS 3

Doc P R OBSS 4

The Priory made a public appearance in 2001, when some old churches were in danger to be demolished, for several reasons (ecclesiastic conflicts in Transylvania, or due to modernization). The memory published here (Manifest OBSS 2001) was signed by common citizens.

Again, a fundamental document is Dimitri OBSS 1989,   printed also in  Imperiale Accademia di Mosca Atti e Memorie  n.2, Roma, 1990, p. 42-45.

Our attitude of prudence was necessary.

If our Priory recognizes HIH Massimo Silvestri di Russia as the legal heir of the late HIH Dimitrij X Dimitrievich, due to a legal (i.e. notarised) testament, valid according to the Italian law, both being Italian citizens, the headquarter near HIH Massimo was not prepared to the task received. HIH Massimo proved to be a kind and generous person, but some members of his entourage were categorically not prepared for  their duties

As a consequence,  that headquarter,  the branch leaded by HEmH Alfred Baldacchino,  that of Mr. Calleja, were not able to fight with „princes” like those from „Dobrynia” or from „Alabona-Ostrogojsk” (?!) who claim the same ascendance. And with such „princes”we have nothing to do…

In Memoriam Ştefan Valeriu cav. Stănescu, OBSS, OHSG (1970 – 2003)

Posted in O.B.S.S. with tags , , , on Octombrie 7, 2012 by remusmirceabirtz

Here, Ştefan with H.Exc. Florin cav. Mihăescu, OBSS

Ştefan was born in France, Paris, at 4.VIII.1970, being the oldest son in the family of Mr. Marin Stănesco, diplomat, later Ambassador.

He finished the the studies in Architecture, being fellow of the Architect’s Order from Romania. In 1996 and 1997, viziting Rome, he met Mircea Remus cav. Birtz, OBSS to whom he spoke freely about his quest, his spiritual search, his nonconformism to the „politically correct”way of thinking. A genuine friendship was born, Ştefan being recommanded to Mr. Mihaescu, to enter undo his discipleship. Things were done, Ştefan being a hard reader, studying seriously Guenon, Lovinescu, the controversy between Guenon and Schuon, etc. He also increased his spiritual life, becoming a practicing Orthodox Christian and having also a spiritual director. Under the guidance of Mr. Mihaescu he progressed well in Tradition.

It was very naturally to be proposed for the OBSS, where he was initiated on  13.IX.1999. Later, in 2002, in Spring, he became knight of the  OHSG (the Hungarian Order of St. George, Ordo Hung. Scti. Georgii), making a good impression to Mr. Bereczky.

He was zealous, and his savoir fair was welcomed by every Knight who knew him.

Unfortunately, a danger to which the family was ignorant, was near him. An intestinal polyposis, having hereditary predisposed , was transformed in cancer. He suffered with stoicism, had several  surgical interventions, but in the same time his spiritual life was strong, with the help of the Holy Sacraments. More, he helped in a decisive matter the printing of  some volumes of our review.

He was visited in Bucharest by his  knightly brothers, we all hoped in an improvement, but the sad news arrived on 27.I.2003; Ştefan was called by the Lord. The funeral was held in Bucharest (1.II.2003) and he was burried in the Cemetery of Sinaia. before, he had married religiously Mme. Ioana Botoran. His brother in law, Mr. Lucian Botoran, and Mr. George Postolache,  had a heroical behaviour, Ştefan living with them. They even cooked for him, and when the illness went too far, the nursed him with his wife. This example of true sacrifice was a sufficient proof  to receive from our part, at Ştefan’s coffin, the adoubement both becoming Knights of the OHSG: Mr. Lucian Botoran,OHSG and Mr. George Postolache, OHSG, both ratified later by H.Exc. our Great Prior.  After only 11 month, his father, Mr. Stanescu, passed away due to the same illness!

Here we produce a document (in Romanian), including some ideas expressed on his funeral in the name of our Priory, aletter from his father, the last impressions written by Mme. Ioana , Lucian and George and some photos. Mme. Ioana, Mr. Adrian cav. Barbu, OBSS, Mr. Lucian Botoran,OHSG were near the coffin, Rev. Birtz  placing the sword and the Flag of the Vitez Rend (a sign of respect asked by H.Exc. Arpad Bereczky de Torboszlo, also Great Prior of OHSG): Ştefan cav. Stanescu, OBSS, OHSG Remembrance

A nice poem and a very courteous letter was send by H.I.H. Massimo di Russia, which can be read in the Remembrance.

We have periodically, in a way or another, signs from his part, and his friend and brother Mircea celebrates a St. Liturgy (Holy Mass) for his soul, when it is time. May Our God keep his soul in light and glory!

A Tribute to Our Master, H.Exc. Florin cav. Mihaescu, Gr. Cr. OBSS

Posted in O.B.S.S. with tags , , on Octombrie 7, 2012 by remusmirceabirtz

He was born on 19.II.1923, in an intellectual family, in Tomsani (Valcea county, Romania), became Dipl. Ing. in Chemistry, and followed courses on the Letters & Philosophy Dept. of the University of Bucharest.

In his free time started to translate French authors; a key moment in his life was the encounter in 1958  with N.H. Vasile Lovinescu (1905-1984)

(on photo), an intellectual partner of Rene Guenon , Mircea Eliade, Fritjof Schuon, etc. From that moment,  Florin Mihaescu will be his intellectual disciple, after the death of Lovinescu, being his uncontested spiritual successor.

Having a huge culture, knowing several foreign languages, Florin Mihaescu not only cured the editions of Lovinescu’s works, esp. after 1989, but wrote also a number of very important doctrinal (Traditionalist) books. Here are some of them:

1.Mihaescu, F.; Cristian, Roxana – Minima Spiritualia, Bucharest, 1995, Rosmarin

2.Mihaescu, F. – Hamlet, Printul Melancoliei, Buch. 1997, Rosmarin

3..Mihaescu, F.; Cristian, Roxana – Vasile Lovinescu si Functiunea Traditionala,  Buch., 1998, Rosmarin

4. .Mihaescu, F. – Shakespeare si Teatrul Initiatic, Buch. 1998, Rosmarin

5..Mihaescu, F. – Omul in Traditia Crestina, Buch., 1999, Rosmarin

6..Mihaescu, F. – Shakespeare si Tragediile Iubirii, Buch.2000, Rosmarin

7..Mihaescu, F. – Simbol si Ortodoxie, Buch. 2000, Sf.Gheorghe Vechi

8..Mihaescu, F. –Cosmosul in Traditia Crestina, 2001, Rosmarin

9..Mihaescu, F. – Shakespeare si Tragediile Puterii, Buch., 2001, Rosmarn

10..Mihaescu, F.; Cristian, Roxana –  Rene Guenon si Traditia Crestina, Buch., 2001, Rosmarin

11..Mihaescu, F. – Shakespeare si Tragediile Insingurarii, Buch., 2001, Rosmarin

12..Mihaescu, F. – Mit si Simbol in Vechiul Testament, Buch.2003, Arhetip

13..Mihaescu, F. – Treptele Cunoasterii initiatice la Vasile Lovinescu, Buch., 2003, Arhetip

14..Mihaescu, F. – Simbol si Parabola in Evanghelii, Buch., 2004, Pontifex

15..Mihaescu, F. – Doctrina si simbol in Evanghelia lui Ioan,Piatra Neamt, 2005, Razesu

16..Mihaescu, F. – Spiritualitate si Simbol, Piatra Neamt, 2005, Razesu

17..Mihaescu, F. – Cultura si Simbol, Buch.,2005, Pontifex

18..Mihaescu, F. – W.Shakespeare – Sonete, Buch., 2007, Pontifex

19..Mihaescu, F. – Drama istoriei la W. Shakespeare, Buch., 2008,  Pontifex,

20..Mihaescu, F. – Hermeneutica Sonetelor, Buch., 2008, Pontifex

21..Mihaescu, F. – Simbolismul Scarii, Buch., 2009, Pontifex.

22. Mihaescu, F. – Ultima Scripta,s.l (Piatra Neamt), s.a. (2012). Ed. Razesu

Also he is leading a spiritual circle „Hyperion” and supervizing the  Traditional Revue ” Scrieri si Studii Traditionale”  (the 15th. nr. in 2012).

Among other themes, knowing Maedieval English (reading Shakespeare in original) and using the  traditional hermeneutic keys, he demonstrated  the crypto-Catholicism of Shakespeare, and his profound traditional  views.

About him wrote also Prof. Claudio Mutti (Parma, Italy), a reputed defender of the Tradition, in  „Guenon in Romania” (Bucharest, 2003, Vremea) and also a  Memorial volume was printed, cured by Razesu Virgil and Iacob Dan :” O viata ca o scara: Florin Mihaescu”, Piatra Neamt, 2011, Razesu, where also some documents of the OBSS are published.

H.Exc. Florin cav. Mihaescu is a Practicant Orthodox Christian, having also a spiritual director.

H.M. King Michael I of Romania conceded the placet for Mr. Mihaescu to join the OBSS  on 9.II.1996, and he was received in the OBSS on  15.VIII.1998. On 2.IV.2002 he was nominated Great Master, maintaining the charge of Senechal of our Priory, bein our doctrinal leader. In 2009 he was created Gr. Cr.  of OBSS. Here the Royal placet is published (Placet F. Mihaescu,OBSS)

A small article about his actual traditional role, writen by fr. dr. Mircea Remus cav. Birtz, Gr.Cr. OBSS, OHSG, OV can be read here, in Romanian:Omagiu lui Florin Mihaescu,OBSS

His function is essential for us, being  the spiritual column in our Priory.

Ad multos, pluribus annos! May God bless Him and His work!

An autograph from Him can be read here:H.Exc. Florin cav. Mihaescu, OBSS, Autograph

In Memoriam of His. Exc. Arpad Bereczky de Torboszlo, OV, OSJ, Gr.OBSS, OHSG, OCr.SS, etc

Posted in O.B.S.S. with tags , , , , , on Octombrie 7, 2012 by remusmirceabirtz

Bereczky Book Cover

Bereczky1

Bereczky2

Bereczky3

Bereczky4

Bereczky5

Bereczky Photos

H. Exc. Count Arpad Bereczky de Torboszlo (1917 -2010)  , Dipl.Ing. in Chemistry, was also officer in the Hungarian Royal Army, after 1945 involved in the Resistance Movement against communism, political prisoner between 1949-1953, and after 1992, until his death, was the leader of the Hungarian Chivalric Orders from Romania.

He also dedicated a lot of his energy, time, money, etc. to investigate the communist crimes from Romania, committed after 1945, through Bereczky Foundation. The results of his findings are published in the book dedicated to him (see up), on pp. 82-177.

He joined the OBSS in 25.X.2000, being created Knight of Justice, and being charched as Ceremony Officer in our Priory. In 2.IV.2002, he, together with H. Exc. Florin cav. Mihaescu, OBSS, were created Great Masters of our Priory, Bereczky answering about heraldic matters, Mihaescu about doctrinal ones. To improve the activity of our Priory, a Pattent Letter from 1.VI.2003 was issued, creating a Hungarian autonomous Branch  Erde’ly Szent Sir Lovagrend, subordinated to our Priory. This Pattent letter was approved by H. Ap., I.& R. Majesty Otto, on  29.III.2004, and then, due to the illness of Count Bereczky, cancelled on 14.IV.2010.  He died on 12.V.2010. A „sanatio in radice” was given for the Hungarian Knights  (some of them are Protestant) we were able to find.

From that date, the Hungarian Knights are full members of our Priory.

He also helped us materially, concretely, working hard to create our insignia.

May God rest his soul in peace and glory!

A recension of the book was given (in Hungarian) by vite’z Rev. Tibor Pa’sztory (v. Rev. Tibor Pasztory Recenzio).

Also a letter from H.I. & R. H. Jozsef Arpad von Austria-Hungary (Habsburg) was given about this book,(H.I. & R. H. Jozsef Arpad Letter)   in His quality of the Supreme Head of the Order of Vitez (Vitez Rend).

The Romanian Priory of the OBSS recognize, recognized, and will recognize only the Vitez Rend (Order of Vitez), lead by H.I. & R. H. Jozsef Arpad and his descendants, as the legitimate Vitez Rend!

Which Road? The Austro-German One, How Otherwise?

Posted in O.B.S.S. with tags on Octombrie 6, 2012 by remusmirceabirtz

The http://www.byzantinische-ritter.de  site belonging to the German Language Priory of the Byzantine Order of the Holy Sepulchre (Order  der Byzantinischer Ritter vom Heiligen Grab) is offering us a nice surprise.

The statements are clear, sober, concise. No phanta-history is given. The aims are clear explained, the allegiance toward the Habsburg Dynasty is also clear stated, a clear religious affiliation is asked. It is, until now, the unique site from the OBSS family which has clear statements concerning Chivalry and its spiritual necessary life. The spiritual training for knighthood (essential. of course) is clearly stated in the German site.

Preparing for the Church Blessing (l’adoubement), the real initiation rite, is also required.

Previous blessings were done with the assistance of  H. Em. Alfons Cardinal Stickler, a good, traditional Cardinal (one of the few, that even before the IndultSummorum Pontificorum” of  Pope Benedict XVI, celebrated the Latin Mass, according to the Old, genuine Catholic, rite (Tridentine).

Here H. Em. Alfons Cardinal Stickler, Msgr. Edmund Dillinger and a Brother Knight in official uniform.

The Prelate of the German Language Priory is Msgr. Edmund Dillinger, with a good pastoral, missionary and cathehetic activities beyond him (Biography Msgr. Edmund Dillinger, OBSS).

Here one can see also a fraternal meeting at the Diplomatic Circle in Vienna (http://www.cercle-diplomatique.com/events/detail/detail/neujahrsempfang-des-ordens-der-byzantinischen-ritter-vom-heiligen-grab/).

More data about the priory can be found here: Document Deutsche OBSS 1  and here  Document Deutsche OBSS 2  

This is the way how to  work, how to restore the genuine values of the OBSS, and we can consider the German Language Priory our fraternal one, to which we would be honoured  working together.

Therefore, one of our Knights,  H. Exc. Hofrat Dr. Manfred Kierein, Gr. Cr. OBSS,  from Vienna, one of the few consecrated specialists in the world in reconstructing apostolic successions and bishops consecratory lineages, author of several books about this topic was charged from the part of our Priory, to cooperate and increase, in a way or another, our links with the German Language brothers. The title of Hofrat (Aulic Counselor), formerly offered by the Emperor, was kept under the republican regime, now being offered by the Federal President of Austria to those persons, who, after working in public offices, were accomplishing their duties in an exemplar way.

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